Feb 9, 2022

Differences Between FTTH and FTTB

Fibre internet has proven to be a step-change in connectivity, promising exponentially faster speeds and significant reliability advantages than older internet connections.

If you are exploring high-speed internet options for your business, you have probably come across the terms Fibre to the Business (FTTB) and Fibre to the Home (FTTH).

Although they both sound similar, FTTB and FTTH are deployed in different settings, although they achieve the same result.

FTTB, as the name implies, is a connectivity solution commonly designed for office environments with multiple users of multiple devices connecting to lots of cloud apps.

FTTH is better suited to home users with different connectivity needs, such as streaming TV, video, music etc.


While fibre rollout continues to gather momentum, its progress is making headway in the main suburbs.

FTTB offers more availability if your business is in a metro area, as an FTTB network may already cover many office buildings.

Some residential areas have FTTH coverage based on interest, and some neighbourhoods may not have FTTH coverage yet.


Fibre is undoubtedly the fastest option for connecting to the internet.

FTTB accommodates hectic workplaces’ demands, sends files faster, download large attachments, and upload information quickly.

FTTH typically focuses on providing accessible internet packages that max out at 50Mbps, while FTTB allows for speeds of 200Mbps or more.


FTTB offers symmetrical speeds, which means that your data travels at the same speeds in either direction. For example, with a 200/200 Mbps fibre package, both your download and upload speeds will be 200Mbps.

Symmetrical speeds provide a more reliable connection for businesses heavily dependent on cloud services and video conferencing tools.

In comparison, FTTH offers asymmetrical speeds because residential internet usage mainly revolves around streaming entertainment, which relies more on download than upload speeds.

With FTTH, you might get an upload speed of 25Mbps and a download speed of 50Mbps.

Contention Ratios

Contention ratio refers to how many people share the same data capacity on a network.

A contention ratio of 1-10:1 is the standard rate for FTTB networks meaning ten people can connect to the internet simultaneously. Because there is less pressure on the network, users will experience faster speeds and internet stability.

A contention ratio of 25-50:1 is normally experienced with FTTH. More people are sharing the same bandwidth. Therefore, the connection will be slower to give everyone a chance to connect.

Contention Ratios diagram


A cybersecurity attack on a home network can inconvenience residential users.

A security breach can be disastrous for a business, affecting its bottom line and its standing and consumer trust. As such, the protection of an FTTB network is a top priority for internet service providers.

Significant measures are in place to ensure data protection. FTTB has security features built-in, including secure tunnelling and VPNs.

FTTH services, on the other hand, offer basic security.


FTTB users always sign a Service Level Agreement (SLA) which details the promised bandwidth, uptime, and response times in case of failure. This gives businesses peace of mind that they will not experience a lot of downtime or failed networks that may impact their operations.

FTTH users are usually offered a “Best Effort” service. This means that the Internet Service Provider (ISP) does not guarantee that the connection will always reach the advertised speeds and that they will do their best to ensure uptime and reliability.

Final Word on FTTH vs FTTB

If you’re looking for fast and secure internet for your business better, you can’t go wrong with FTTB.

Remember that FTTB is more expensive than FTTH as FTTB caters for an office environment. You may even find that some ISPs have rules in place that prevent you from signing up for an FTTH package.

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